California White Chicken Feeding: Guide for Beginners

California white chicken is a popular breed among backyard chicken keepers. These chickens are known for their excellent egg-laying abilities, friendly demeanor, and adaptability to various climates. Feeding California white chickens is crucial to ensure their health and productivity. In this article, I will share some tips on feeding these gentle birds, based on my personal experience raising them.

Nutritional Needs of California White Chickens

Like all chickens, California whites require a well-balanced diet to thrive. Their diet should include a mix of protein, grains, vitamins, and minerals. When choosing chicken feed, you need to look for high-quality feed designed specifically for egg-laying hens. A layer feed will typically contain 16-18% protein, along with calcium, phosphorus, and other important nutrients.

In addition to chicken feed, you can give your California whites supplemental treats, such as fresh fruits, vegetables, and mealworms. These treats can provide additional nutrients and help keep the birds happy and active. However, it’s essential to ensure that treats don’t exceed more than 10% of their daily diet, as overfeeding can lead to obesity and other health issues.

Providing fresh and clean water is also a must. Chickens require access to clean water at all times, especially when fed dry feed or during hot weather. You can use a waterer that is designed for chickens, which prevents the water from getting contaminated with dirt or feces.

Overall, meeting the nutritional needs of your California white chickens is crucial for their health, egg production, and overall well-being.

Types of Feed for California White Chickens

When it comes to feeding California white chickens, there are several types of feed available on the market. The type of feed you choose will depend on your chicken’s age, their stage of growth, and whether they are laying eggs or not. Here are some common types of chicken feed that you should know about:

Starter Feed

Starter feed is a nutritious feed that is designed for baby chicks up to six weeks of age. This feed is high in protein and contains essential nutrients that promote healthy growth and development. Starter feed should be given to baby chicks immediately after hatching.

Grower Feed

Once your chicks reach six weeks of age, they can switch to grower feed. This feed has a lower protein content than starter feed but still contains essential nutrients that support growth and development.

Layer Feed

Once your California white chickens reach 18 to 20 weeks of age, they can start consuming layer feed. This feed is specially formulated for laying hens and contains high levels of calcium and other minerals that support egg production. Additionally, layer feed contains a lower amount of protein than the starter and grower feed.

Scratch Grains

Scratch grains are typically a mix of cracked corn, wheat, and other grains. It can be used to supplement your California white’s diet, but it shouldn’t be the main source of their nutrition.

By providing your California white chickens with the right type of feed at the right stage of their life, you can ensure that they receive the proper nutrition they need to be healthy and productive.

Feeding Your California White Chickens: Dos and Don’ts

Feeding California white chickens is not complicated, but there are a few things you should keep in mind to ensure their health and productivity. Here are some dos and don’ts when feeding your chickens:

Do Provide a Balanced Diet

The key to healthy chickens is a balanced diet that contains the right mix of protein, carbohydrates, and essential nutrients. Make sure to provide your California whites with a high-quality chicken feed that is appropriate for their age and stage of growth. Supplement their diet with fresh fruits, vegetables, and mealworms, but make sure it doesn’t exceed 10% of their daily diet.

Don’t Overfeed

Overfeeding your chickens can result in obesity, which can lead to serious health problems. Avoid leaving food out all day, as it tends to make chickens overeat. Instead, feed them in small portions, two to three times a day, and make sure to remove any leftover food.

Do Provide Clean Water

Clean water is crucial for your chicken’s health and egg production. Provide clean water at all times, and make sure to clean the waterer regularly to prevent contamination.

Don’t Feed Spoiled Food

Never feed your California whites spoiled or rotten food, as it can cause digestive problems and even death. Make sure to dispose of any uneaten food promptly.

Do Offer Grit

Grit is small stones that help break down food in a chicken’s gizzard. Offer your California white chickens a separate dish of grit, which they can consume as needed.

Don’t Give Medication Without Consulting a Vet

If you suspect that your chickens are sick or need medication, always consult with a veterinarian. Don’t administer any medication without proper guidance, as it can be detrimental to your chicken’s health.

By following these dos and don’ts, you can ensure a healthy and productive life for your California white chickens.

Common Feeding Problems and How to Solve Them

Feeding California white chickens can sometimes lead to problems that affect their productivity and health. Here are some common feeding problems that you might encounter and how to solve them:

Not Laying Eggs

If your California white chickens have stopped laying eggs, it could be due to their diet. Make sure that they are consuming enough protein and calcium by feeding them a good quality layer feed. Also, provide them with a clean and comfortable nesting area to encourage nesting behavior.


Similar to humans, chickens can also become overweight, leading to various health problems. Watch your chicken’s diet, and provide them with enough physical stimulation to avoid boredom. Also, reduce the amount of treats that they consume, as too much can increase their risk of becoming obese.

Nutrient Deficiencies

If your California whites are showing signs of lethargy or are weak, it could be due to nutrient deficiencies. Make sure they are receiving enough nutrients by providing them with a well-balanced diet that contains essential vitamins and minerals.

Poor Feed Conversion

Poor feed conversion occurs when chickens consume a lot of feed but don’t gain weight as expected. This could be due to feeding low-quality feed, improper storage of feed, or contamination. Make sure to store your feed in a cool and dry place, and provide your chickens with high-quality feed that is free from contaminants.


Pecking can occur when chickens become overcrowded, causing them to fight for food. Make sure to provide enough space for your chickens and avoid overfeeding them. You can also provide multiple feeding areas to prevent pecking behavior.

Feeding problems can affect your California white chicken’s overall health and productivity. By being observant and addressing these issues promptly, you can ensure a healthy and happy flock.

Tips for Maximizing Egg Production Through Proper Feeding

Feeding California white chickens a well-balanced diet and providing them with enough nutrients is key to maximizing egg production. Here are some tips to help you achieve this:

Provide a Good Quality Layer Feed

Layer feed contains the right balance of nutrients that laying hens need to produce healthy eggs. Make sure to select high-quality layer feed that is appropriate for their age and stage of growth.

Increase Protein Intake

Protein is essential for egg production, and an increase in protein intake can boost egg production. You can do this by supplementing their diet with high-protein snacks or mealworms.

Offer Calcium Supplements

Calcium is crucial for eggshells formation, so it’s essential to make sure your California whites have enough calcium in their diet. You can provide them with calcium supplements or add crushed eggshells to their feed.

Provide Plenty of Water

Water is vital for egg-laying hens, and an inadequate water supply can result in reduced egg production. Make sure to provide fresh and clean water to your chickens at all times.

Provide Enough Light

Chickens need enough light to lay eggs. A lack of light can disrupt their biological cycle and reduce egg production. Provide 14-16 hours of light per day using artificial lighting, especially in winter when daylight is shorter.

Avoid Overfeeding

Overfeeding can lead to increased body weight and reduced egg production in California white chickens. Provide them with adequate feed that is appropriate for their age and stage of growth.

By following these tips, you can ensure that your California white chickens have proper nutrition, which results in increased egg production.

Feeding California White Chickens in Different Stages of Life

California white chickens have different nutritional needs at different stages of their life. Here are some guidelines on feeding these chickens in different stages of their life:

Baby Chicks

Baby chicks need protein to grow and develop. Feed them a starter feed that contains around 20% protein. Make sure to offer them fresh water at all times.

Growing Chicks

Growing chicks need a balanced diet that contains both protein and essential nutrients. Provide them with a grower feed that contains around 16% protein.

Laying Hens

Once California white chickens start laying eggs, they require a different diet. Provide them with a layer feed that contains around 16% protein and extra calcium that supports egg production and eggshell formation. Offering oyster shells is a great way to provide calcium.


Molting is a process that occurs when chickens shed their old feathers and grow new ones. It’s essential to feed molting chickens a high protein diet to help them grow healthy new feathers. Supplement their diet with additional proteins such as mealworms or shrimp.

Broody Hens

Broody hens are those who want to hatch eggs and will sit on the eggs all day. They consume less and need fewer calories but continue to require essential nutrients. Feed them a layer feed with reduced protein and supplement their diet with fresh vegetables and fruits.

By providing your California white chickens with the appropriate feed at different stages of their life, you can ensure that they receive the right mix of nutrition they need to grow healthy and productive.


Feeding California white chickens is crucial for their health, productivity, and overall well-being. By providing them with a well-balanced diet that contains essential nutrients, proteins, and calcium, you can ensure that they thrive at every stage of their life.

Providing your chickens with fresh water, enough light, and a clean coop will also support their productivity. Remember to watch for signs of any feeding problems or nutrient deficiencies, and promptly address them. By following these feeding tips, you can ensure that your California white chickens grow healthy and lay plenty of eggs.

avatar James
Hey, I'm James, a hardworking homesteader for more than 30 years. I enjoy the feeling of accomplishment that comes from tending my flock. I've raised chickens and ducks for eggs and meat for many years. I also have experience with other poultry too. Learn more

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