Do Chickens Pee? Everything You Need to Know

Although chickens, like other creatures, have an urge to pee to eliminate urine from their body systems, these birds don’t pee as usual. Their urinary system is quite similar to ours’, although theirs help them retain water in their bodies to avoid dehydration.

Furthermore, their kidneys control the urinary excretory process. Nonetheless, these birds don’t pee like other creatures, although their urine is noticeable from their droppings.

Do Chickens Actually Pee?

No, chickens don’t actually pee a stream or urine like other mammals because they don’t have a urinary bladder to hold their urine. Therefore, the urine in these birds moves from their kidneys into the Cloaca. The process of reverse peristalsis transfers their urine from the Cloaca into their large intestines.

How do Chickens Pee?

In general, birds don’t pee like humans and other mammals. Instead, these birds excrete their urine pretty differently. You will hardly see any liquid excretions in your chicken coop. The urine from these birds will be inseparable from their droppings in most cases.

Chickens and all birds have different urine excretory mechanisms from mammals because they lack a urinary bladder. What chickens have are kidneys that don’t serve as excretory systems but work as core bases of their urinary excretory process.

In this case, their kidneys are essential as organs that help damage the toxic elements that enter their bodies, which can damage some of their most crucial organs. So, your chickens’ kidneys mainly have three essential roles in their urinary elimination process. These three parts include:

  • Managing the balance of crucial electrolytes– Electrolytes are vital for chickens because they help replenish the minerals and nutrients in their bodies. Chickens lose essential nutrients and minerals, especially under heat stress.
  • Kidneys help chickens sustain water levels in their bodies-Chickens have a challenge maintaining water levels to keep their bodies hydrated. Kidneys will help the chickens in your flock maintain sustainable water levels, putting them at a lower risk of dehydration.
  • Chickens’ kidneys help the bird from excreting too much metabolic waste from their bodies– Metabolic wastes are some of the elements a chicken leaves within its body following the metabolic process. The metabolic waste in chickens isn’t beneficial because the birds can’t reuse this waste. Thus, a chicken’s body needs to excrete this waste. Some metabolic wastes that a chicken’s kidneys help discard include sulfates, CO2, and water.

So How Exactly Do Chickens Pee?

A chicken can pass out its urinary excretes from the body because of its kidneys, which have three lobes. First off, a chicken’s kidneys help filter a chicken’s urine. After filtering the urine, the kidneys pass it to the chicken’s passageways on its uterus to transport its urine to its Cloaca.

The Cloaca is a crucial part of the chicken’s body because it helps expel waste such as droppings. You can seldom see a chicken’s Cloaca because of its discrete position. The chicken has one opening in the vent area,which it uses as an exit point to excrete its waste, including the urine from its kidney.

Because chickens don’t have a bladder to hold their urine, they use a unique process known as reverse peristalsis to excrete urine, which entails rerouting a chicken’s urine into its large intestine. The large intestine then converts the urine into a white, thick paste.

The white paste joins the waste in the large intestines, and the intestines excrete the waste as part of the waste in a chicken’s body. That’s why you see white paste on your chicken’s droppings.

How Often Do Chickens Pee?

Chickens eliminate uric acid from their bodies each time they poop. That means the more a chicken poops, the more it’s discarding urine from its excretory system. Chickens can pee around 20 to 40 times daily, depending on how much fluids your chickens take.

Do Chickens Pee Every Time They Poop?

It doesn’t mean that your chicken is urinating every time it’s pooping. However, pooping is the only way your chickens can excrete urine from their bodies. If your chickens are pooping more frequently, they have plenty of waste to eliminate from their bodies, including urine.

Thus, the possibility is high that your chicken is urinating if it is pooping a lot because it shows it has lots of urine to excrete from its system.

Do Chickens Poop and Pee From the Same Hole?

Yes, chicken poop and pee from the same hole. Chickens poop, urinate and discard eggs from their bodies from a single hole. This hole is in the bird’s vent area.

Nonetheless, chickens have a different laying mechanism because their Cloaca turns inside out when the bird is laying. Thus the egg can’t come into contact with the bird’s intestine, urine, and fecal matter when laying.

Do Chickens Pee Out of Their Skin?

While there is a misconception that chickens pee out of their skin, this misconception is further from the truth. Chickens, like other creatures, have kidneys, although they don’t play a similar role to humans’ kidneys.

A chicken’s kidney passes uric acid to a chicken’s Cloaca, which later directs the acid to the bird’s Cloaca. The Cloaca then passes urine from a chicken’s body  through its vent area. Thus, chickens can’t excrete urine through their skins because they don’t have sweat glands, unlike humans.

Because feathers cover a chicken’s body, it’s impossible for a chicken to pass its urine through the skin because chickens don’t sweat due to a lack of sweat glands like in us humans and other mammals. Thus, the only way for a chicken to pass urine from its body is through its kidneys, the Cloaca, and the vent area.


Chickens pee, but these birds don’t pass urine from their bodies the same way we do. They have a different way of passing urine that differs from ours. Although these birds don’t have a urinary bladder like other mammals, they can still pass out urine from their kidneys.

The urine comes out together with a chicken’s droppings, and it’s pretty easy to know when your chicken is urinating a lot because the white paste in its droppings will be thicker.

avatar James
Hey, I'm James, a hardworking homesteader for more than 30 years. I enjoy the feeling of accomplishment that comes from tending my flock. I've raised chickens and ducks for eggs and meat for many years. I also have experience with other poultry too. Learn more

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