How Often Do Ducks Poop?

Ducks are remarkable animals. These emotionally intelligent birds form unique relationships with their owners and can do many fun things. Moreover, for poultry farmers looking for high returns, duck eggs are large and highly nutritious, so you can be sure of tidy returns.

Despite all the benefits of keeping ducks, one issue can make them strenuous; their poop. Though the poop can be used as manure owing to its close resemblance to NPK fertilizer, the main question you might have is how often the duck will poop. The article below will answer this and other related questions so that you know exactly what you are signing up for in duck keeping.

Normal Frequency of Duck Poop

Healthy ducks poop 12-15 times per day. This is more than chickens poop because ducks have a higher metabolism rate. Duck poop is usually watery and smelly. It also takes more time than chicken poop to decompose. As such, duck enclosures should be cleaned at least daily because the poop is quite messy and can make them quite unpresentable and present a health hazard for humans.

Some symptoms of issues arising from contact with duck poop in humans include headache, fever, bloody stool, stomach cramps, muscle pain, and nausea. Though duck poop might not harm the duck, other pets like dogs are prone to Chlamydia Psittaci and Histoplasmosis when exposed to the droppings.

Reasons Ducks Poop So Much

Unlike humans, ducks have no anal sphincter muscles to help them control their poop, so they poop anytime. Like other birds, ducks have a fast metabolism. When they eat more food, this means they will poop more. Another reason your ducks might be popping too much is how you feed them.

Most duck owners will feed their birds large food amounts to avoid restocking the feeders or because they will not be around all day to keep replenishing them. Ducks are unsure when to stop eating, so they often overfeed in this case and end up pooping a lot.

Factors Affecting Duck Poop Frequency

While it is normal for ducks to poop so much, several elements determine how much poop the bird will have. Below are some of these determinants.

Diet and Water Consumption

Ducks are omnivores that will eat almost anything. While this means a reduction of their feed budget, it also means more poop. Immediately ducks eat, their digestive systems start the digestion process. The birds then pass waste products from their feeds shortly after and immediately start eating again.

Ducks will also continue drinking water as long as they can access it. Consuming a lot of water increases the frequency of their poop because it comprises urine and faeces. This means that, unlike most species, duck poop is a combination of waste products from water and feeds.

Exercise and Activity Level

Ducks are quite active and spend their days swimming, foraging, playing, learning tricks, and socializing. As such, their bodies have high metabolism levels to keep up with their activities. The more the ducks move, the more their intestines move, so food gets broken down and expelled quickly.

After all, this is the idea behind losing weight by increasing your activity so that all food and stored fat is burnt down quickly and expelled. As ducks move, they poop more frequently than other birds as their food is quickly broken down to keep up with their energy demands.

Health and Medical Conditions

Health issues in your duck can also cause it to have increased poop frequency and, sometimes, consistency. Salmonella, spread through contact with contaminated food or water, can cause diarrhea in your flock.

Campylobacter, an intestinal infection, causes diarrhea, dehydration, and weight loss. Cryptosporidiosis which affects a duck’s gastrointestinal system, can also lead to severe diarrhea and is particularly severe for ducklings.

Frequency of Duckling Poop

Ducklings will generally poop more than adult ducks because they consume more food to support their fast growth and have higher metabolism rates than adults owing to their many activities. They can poop as frequently as after every fifteen minutes. When you place your ducklings in an enclosure, consider using wood shavings to reduce the smell and dirt.

The shavings can be changed twice daily to ensure the pen remains healthy for you and your ducklings. If you raise the birds in a tub, clean it regularly with water before drying it and putting a fresh towel in it to maintain a disease-free environment.

Can You Potty Train Ducks?

The simple answer to this question would be no. Unfortunately, ducks have no sphincter muscles, so they will not control their bowel movements. However, if you are dedicated and patient, you can train your duck to poop in one area to ease your cleanup. Here are a few steps for teaching your duck to poop in one place:

  1. Attach a camera to the ducks’ pen and monitor them for 2-3 days.
  2. Observe all signs that might pinpoint to pooping, like tail wagging, about 2-3 minutes before pooping.
  3. Determine how long the ducks will poop after feeding.
  4. After learning the pooping habits, put the ducks in the right place when you expect them to poop. The ideal area should be near their brooder or pen since the birds cannot hold their poop in for too long.

Alternatively, if you have 2-3 house ducks, you can consider using diapers to hold the poop and keep your indoors tidy.


Ducks are fun and profitable animals to keep, but you have to be ready to deal with a lot of poop from them, as you have learnt above. Adult ducks will poop 12-15 times daily, while ducklings might do so after every fifteen minutes. The high defecation rate is attributed to the fast metabolism of ducks, high water and food consumption, and lack of anal sphincters to control pooping.

Poop might also be increased in medical conditions like salmonella, campylobacter, and cryptosporidiosis. Potty training your duck is almost impossible, but you can patiently teach it where to poop so that you do not have poop smeared all over your house or duck’s pen. Alternatively, you can diaper the duck.

avatar James
Hey, I'm James, a hardworking homesteader for more than 30 years. I enjoy the feeling of accomplishment that comes from tending my flock. I've raised chickens and ducks for eggs and meat for many years. I also have experience with other poultry too. Learn more

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