Can Chickens Eat Cucumbers? Benefits & Risks

Chickens love cucumbers as they like other vegetables. If you have surplus amounts, consider feeding them to your birds. All you need to do is slice them into little, swallowable pieces. They will likely gobble up the pieces and look to you for more.

Besides being delicious and adding variety to your chicken’s diet, cucumbers keep the birds cool and hydrated without causing digestion problems. This is vital to maintaining health in the hot summer months.

Are Cucumbers Good for Chickens?

As mentioned above, the most significant benefit of cucumbers to chicken is hydration. Cucumbers have a lot of moisture and can prevent dehydration caused by unfavourable weather conditions.

Also, some chicken breeds find it challenging to get adequate water, so feeding them cucumbers solves this problem. Remember, your birds will die in as little as 12 hours if they don’t get water.

On hot days, some chickens suffer dehydration, which makes them tired and inactive. Dehydration affects production and can cause death. You can prevent these consequences by availing cucumbers to your flock.

Benefits of Cucumber for Chickens

Here are the top benefits of cucumbers to chicken, besides hydration.

– Energiser

One medium-sized cucumber has about 17 calories. While this is a small percentage of the 260 calories needed daily, it contributes when combined with other feed. Cucumbers are treats that aren’t supposed to make up most of your birds’ diet.

The caloric intake from cucumbers helps in keeping the birds warm during the cold season. It also provides the energy needed for bodily processes like digestion, egg production, respiration, etc.

– Protein

Protein is a critical nutrient for chickens and other organisms, including plants and animals. It contains amino acids that help your birds grow and develop, produce eggs, environmental adaptation, improve immunity, and other biological functions.

For instance, lysine, which occurs in plant-based proteins, improves carcass quality by supporting the formation of a fiber that reduces fat content. Other amino acids like methionine improve nutrient digestibility and prevent digestive disorders.

However, too much protein can cause an increase in abdominal fat, a precursor to obesity. Be careful with the number of protein sources you include in your chicken feed.

– Vitamins and Minerals

Cucumbers contain several vitamins and minerals. The most notable vitamins found in this vegetable are vitamins C and K. While vitamin C isn’t essential to chicken and other poultry, vitamin K improves blood clotting and prevents intramuscular bleeding. It can help your bird to survive if it gets an injury.

Cucumbers also have small amounts of vitamin A, which helps improve egg production, boost growth and development, and keep the birds active. It also maintains lungs, kidneys, and heart function.

Regarding minerals, cucumbers have calcium, iron, magnesium, and phosphorus. Calcium is known to strengthen the skeleton of all animals. In birds, it also plays a significant role in improving egg quality by hardening the shell. Calcium deficiency causes poor hatchability and rickets.

Iron contributes to red blood cell formation. When your birds lack this vital mineral, they suffer from anemia, which may result in death.

Magnesium reduces death risk due to unexpected environmental changes or disease outbreaks. Like calcium, phosphorus improves egg quality and prevents rickets and poor hatchability.

– Fiber

Lastly, cucumbers are rich in fiber. Dietary fiber can improve gut health and prevent constipation by helping waste move smoothly down the digestive tract. Fiber-rich foods are more satiating, which helps reduce the risk of obesity by making your birds feel full for longer periods.

Can Chickens Eat Cucumber Peels?

Chickens can eat cucumber peels. So, if you want to prepare this vegetable with the skin off, you can feed the offcuts to your birds.

However, some cucumber peels are too hard for the chickens to peck at. If this happens, they’ll consume the softer inside and leave the tough part lying in the yard. The best way to avoid this is to soak the peels in warm water before giving them to your flock. This softens them, ensuring nothing goes to waste.

How to Feed Cucumbers for Chickens?

Here are some useful tips on feeding cucumbers to your chicken.

– Choose Fresh and Mature Varieties

Choose fresh and mature varieties if you intend to give cucumber to your birds. Your chickens will find these tastier.

– Wash the Vegetables

Cucumber skins contain potentially harmful substances like pesticides and fertilizer. For this reason, washing the veggies with running water is advisable before feeding them to your birds.

– Prepare for Feeding

The best way to prepare cucumbers to feed your chickens is to cut them half lengthwise. Then, place them on the ground with the cut side facing upwards. This allows the chicken to peck at them.

Alternatively, you can string the vegetables. This approach requires you to wash the cucumbers thoroughly to ensure the peels are chemical-free.

– Feeding Your Birds

Cucumber is best served alongside other treats. You can mix it with cucumber seeds or fruits to give your birds a ‘vegetable and fruit salad.’

If there are any leftovers, clean the mess immediately. Food leftovers attract pests that can harm your birds.

Other Vegetable Chickens Can Eat

Besides cucumbers, chickens can eat other vegetables raw or cooked. These include broccoli, cabbages, carrots, kale, lettuce, spinach, tomatoes, etc. These veggies supplement the nutrients by grains that make up most of your birds’ diet.

Although chickens aren’t picky eaters, some foods can hurt their health. Examples include chocolate, coffee, garlic and onions, potato and avocado skins, and greasy foods. Salt is also harmful in excess amounts.


Like human beings, chickens get bored by eating the same foods repeatedly. It can also hurt their health, as sticking to one diet means they lack some nutrients.

Giving treats such as cucumbers is an excellent way of supplementing your flock’s diet. It adds nutritional value while allowing you to interact with the birds.

However, cucumbers are only useful if provided in moderation. Excessive consumption of these veggies upsets nutrient balance since cucumbers have high water content. Observe how much you feed your poultry to avoid complications such as poor egg quality, obesity, protein deficiency, and fatty liver syndrome.

avatar James
Hey, I'm James, a hardworking homesteader for more than 30 years. I enjoy the feeling of accomplishment that comes from tending my flock. I've raised chickens and ducks for eggs and meat for many years. I also have experience with other poultry too. Learn more

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