How To Make A Pond Of Ducks?

Ducks are fantastic swimmers who enjoy being in the water to cool and keep themselves clean. Having a pond for your free-range duck flock can help make your flock happy. While building a pond for your ducks sounds like a significant undertaking, building a simple, low-maintenance pond is relatively simple. Furthermore, making a lovely pond for your flock doesn’t cost you a fortune.

Before Building A Duck Pond

Before building a duck pond, knowing the importance of having a pond for your flock is essential. First, ducks like staying close to water. No wonder you will observe that wild ducks rarely frequent areas with no water nearby. Domesticated ducks need a pond with clean water to clean out their bills. Ducks like eating or digging in the dirt, so they occasionally need water to clean their bills. Unlike chickens, ducks hardly take dust baths—instead, these birds like swimming in water to keep themselves pest-free.

A duck pond will help your flock keep external parasites and mites at bay. Ducks have oil glands at the bottom of their tails. They activate these glands by splashing some water over their backs. The oil glands help distribute waterproofing oils over the ducks’ feathers as the birds preen their feathers.

Consequently, providing your duck flock with a pond to bathe in is crucial. Ducks also need a clean pond to help them maintain healthy feathers. Your ducks will spend considerable time preening their feathers after bathing in the pond.

While a duck pond is vital while raising ducks, there are necessary permits and regulations for building a pond. For instance, you must get a legal permit from a certified building contractor before making a pond for your free-range ducks, mainly if you hail from an urban area.

It would help if you also had a DEQ (Department of Environmental Quality) permit to build a duck pond inside a regulated wetland. Because of the detrimental effects of ruining streams to build duck ponds, the DEQ strongly discourages this practice, so you will need an additional DEQ review while setting up a pond for your ducks.

The water source is the other crucial regulation to adhere to while building a duck pond. You can’t source water from anywhere because water may sometimes contain substances and pollutants detrimental to aquatic life and your ducks. The best water source for a duck pond is a natural, free-flowing water source that is stable throughout the year.

Choosing The Right Location For A Duck Pond

Choosing a suitable location for your duck pond is vital because you can’t set up a pond anywhere on your property. The pond’s site can significantly affect the quality of the pond water and how regularly you will have to maintain the duck pond.

Your duck pond will get clean water if you build it in the right location with an adequate supply of clean groundwater. A duck pond can be a haven for dirty water if you set it in the wrong spot. The ideas below will help you pick the perfect location for your duck pound.

  • Choose a location to let the duck pound receive reliable and easy access to clean water.
  • Please select a location devoid of tall trees with hanging branches that will drop vast amounts of leaves into the pond, making it unsuitable for your ducks to swim and forage for food in the pound.
  • Pick a secure location to deter pets and wild animals from sneaking into the pond and attacking your ducks.
  • Ensure the designated spot for your duck pond receives sufficient sun exposure.
  • Ensure the pond doesn’t sit where runoff stream and rainwater enter the pond.
  • Choose A Flat Location For Your Pond.

– Consider Safty for Your Ducks

Besides choosing the perfect spot for your duck pond, it’s also vital to consider providing shade and shelter. Shading a duck pond from sun rays can help lower the water temperature and further allow the water in the pond to accumulate high oxygen levels.

Shading your duck pond will also discourage algae growth, supporting aquatic life and ensuring your ducks have plenty of food items to forage in the pond while taking occasional baths. Consequently, it’s advisable to shade the duck pond, especially if it sits in a sunny location.

While selecting a suitable location for your duck pond, avoiding some crucial factors is essential to ensure you have a lovely pond for your backyard ducks. For instance, avoid setting the pond near feedlots, corrals, dwellings, and drain fields because such locations can attract contaminated runoffs in your pond.

Furthermore, avoid setting the pond in areas that could subject other people or animals to the risk of injury. A duck pool shouldn’t be in an ecologically sensitive spot. A good duck pond should be close to a natural water source. It shouldn’t be too far from a water source lest you incur additional costs filling the pond with water.

– Analyze the Soil

Avoid choosing a location without assessing the soil profile. The suitability of a pond’s site depends on the type of soil. Clay is an ideal soil type for a duck pond. However, avoid any spot with gravel and sand because these two soil types are highly porous and thus unsuitable for a duck pond. Permeable soils are only suitable for duck ponds if they have a seep or spring.

Most importantly, don’t settle on a location for your duck pond unless you know its practicability and economic viability. Avoid low areas full of muck because such places are challenging to excavate.

Furthermore, setting up the pond in a low area may require you to get additional permits, ultimately increasing the cost of building a duck pond for your free-range flock. Woodlands, lowlands, and marshes provide crucial wildlife habitats, so converting such places to duck ponds may be unacceptable.

Designing and Building a Duck Pond

If you have a free-range duck flock in your yard, you could be contemplating designing and building a pond for your ducks. Designing and building a duck pond can be a simple task. It is a DIY project you can complete without the intervention of a professional pool builder. These are some steps to follow while designing and building a duck pound for your free-range ducks.

Design and Build The Duck Pond

Duck pounds can come in various geometric designs, including circles, rectangles, and ellipses. You can create a pond with a natural shape that fits your landscape and the pond’s location. A duck pond’s basic design and structure should be rectangular since rectangular ponds are easy and cheap to design and build.

The pond should also have an inlet to let in clean water and an outlet to discard the old water from the pond.

While a duck pond with many rounded corners may be more eye appealing, such a design can be costly to build. Furthermore, building a pond with several rounded corners can be more time-consuming. Sketch the design of the duck pound and create the pond’s outline with some strings.

Kindly follow the design specifications on the draft while designing your pond. Clear the area and excavate the soil to make a hole wide enough to accommodate your ducks. The pond should be at least 3 meters deep to allow room for your ducks to dive into the water and forage for food. Level out the surface of the pond to ensure it’s evenly flat.

Choosing Materials For The Pond

It would help if you had a variety of materials to build a DIY pond for your ducks. These materials include concrete, flexible pond liners, gravel, sand, rocks, pond filter, hose clamps, and UV clarifiers. While these are the basic materials for building your duck pond, the choice of materials for building a pond can vary depending on the type of pond you want to build for your flock.

For instance, you can make a plastic duck pond using plastic. Some duck raisers also use straws to build ponds for their ducks. Overall, it would help if you decided what materials to use for building your pond before you embark on the building process.

Steps To Take When Building The Pond

Take these steps below while building a pond for your ducks

  • Choose A Designated Spot For The Duck Pond
  • Map out the pond design on a rough draft and choose a suitable pond shape
  • Dig The Duck Pond Using An Excavator Or A Spade
  • Install A Pond Liner At The Bottom Of The Pond
  • Install a water feature in the pond to aerate the pond
  • Fill up the pond with clean water if you don’t have access to a reliable water source
  • Have an inlet and outlet in the pond to help bring in fresh water and drain out the old water from the pond

Landscaping and Adding Features

Landscaping and adding features to a duck pond can make the pond aesthetically appealing to you and your flock. For instance, adding plants and vegetation to the pond can make it attractive. Plants and vegetation can help increase your pond’s oxygen levels.

A duck pond with high oxygen levels can help the fish and aquatic life thrive, giving your ducks various foods to forage in the pond. Rocks and logs inside the pond are crucial because they provide a place for aquatic plants to attach their roots.

Rocks also make the base of the duck pound appear natural and conceal the liner material at the pond’s bottom. A water feature such as a waterfall in the duck pond can help produce calming sounds that bring life to your backyard.

Maintaining a Duck Pond

While a duck pond is crucial for every duck owner, regular pond maintenance is vital for giving your flock a clean place to clean their feathers and forage for bugs, fish, reptiles, and amphibians. Ducks usually pop a lot, and maintaining a clean duck pond ensures your duck can swim in a pond with clean water.

Maintenance also discourages bacteria growth and ensures the pond doesn’t have harmful chemicals and contaminants.

Regular maintenance and cleaning help maintain a balanced pond where all creatures can thrive. Maintenance also improves aquatic life in the pond. Some common duck problems you can prevent by following regular maintenance tasks include excessive duckweed, brown water, punctured pond liner, and frozen water.

Poorly maintained duck ponds also have vast amounts of leaves and grass, making it difficult for the ducks to swim in the pond.


A duck pond is a must-have feature when raising free-range ducks. Ducks are graceful waterfowls that love being in the water. A clean pond for your duck flock will help you raise happy and healthy ducks. A duck pond can also be an excellent food source for your ducks.

avatar James
Hey, I'm James, a hardworking homesteader for more than 30 years. I enjoy the feeling of accomplishment that comes from tending my flock. I've raised chickens and ducks for eggs and meat for many years. I also have experience with other poultry too. Learn more

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