Do Chickens Need to Mate to Lay Eggs?

Hens don’t need to mate with roosters to lay eggs. Egg-laying is a biological process in hens that occurs with or without mating. Your hens will continue laying as usual even if there isn’t a single rooster in your flock. However, hens need to mate with roosters to lay fertile eggs.

Even if your hens still lay without mating, all the eggs will be infertile and thus unsuitable for incubation. Besides mating, roosters can also help protect your hens and the entire flock.

What is The Purpose of Chicken Mating?

Chickens mate to produce fertile eggs, ultimately improving their reproductive success. Chickens mate to transfer genes to their next generations. Chickens won’t exist without mating because mating is the only mode of reproduction for chickens.

Does Mating Affect the Quality of Eggs in Chickens?

No, mating doesn’t affect the quality of eggs a hen lays. Hens that are mating with roosters, and those that aren’t mating, will lay eggs of similar quality. Even if your hens mate multiple times with roosters, the quality of their eggs will remain intact. Egg quality depends on factors like the age of a hen. Older hens are more likely to lay high-quality eggs than younger hens.

Egg quality also depends on nutritional elements such as calcium, vitamins, protein, and phosphorus availability in a hen’s diet. If a hen, for instance, gets a diet with plenty of minerals and nutrients, its odds of laying quality eggs are high.

Weather changes can also suppress egg quality. Hens will lay more consistently and produce better quality eggs in summer than in winter. Diseases also affect egg quality since sick hens tend to lay poor-quality eggs. The type of breed can also influence the quality of eggs your hens lay. Some breeds are known for laying larger and better quality eggs than others.

Do Chickens Lay More Eggs If Mating with Roosters?

No, mating doesn’t affect the quality and the number of eggs a hen lays. Chickens will lay the same number of eggs with or without mating with roosters. The main role of mating is to make chicken eggs fertile rather than making hens lay more eggs.

What Happens if a Chicken Does Not Mate?

Nothing happens if a hen doesn’t mate with a rooster. The only thing that will change if a hen doesn’t mate with a rooster is the fertility of the eggs. A hen that isn’t mating with a rooster won’t lay fertile eggs. Infertile eggs aren’t suitable for incubation because they don’t hatch into chicks regardless of whether a hen sits on such eggs for 21 days.

Hens don’t need to mate daily to produce fertile eggs. They store sperm in their bodies for weeks. Therefore, hens can consistently lay fertile eggs without mating daily.

What Are the Benefits of Having a Rooster with Hens?

Your hens will keep laying even if they don’t have roosters. Nonetheless, that doesn’t suggest that there isn’t any benefit of having a rooster in a flock. Hens can get several benefits from having a rooster around. These are the benefits of keeping hens together with roosters.

Roosters help you hatch eggs naturally– You need baby chicks to expand your flock. However, you won’t have chicks in your flock if your hens are laying infertile eggs that won’t hatch into chicks. Roosters are essential in a flock because they fertilize eggs, making them ready for hatching.

Roosters protect hens and the entire flock-Other than mating, roosters play the guardian role in the flock. They keep hens and the rest of the flock members together. Roosters sound an alert when they detect a predator approaching the flock. They also defend hen and the entire flock against attacks.

Roosters complete a chicken flock– A flock without roosters is incomplete. Naturally, chickens live in communities consisting of females and males. Therefore, your flock won’t live a normal life if they don’t have roosters in their midst.

Roosters add personality to a flock- roosters have plenty of personality for some reasons. They are interesting and entertaining creatures to have in a flock. Roosters can make the flock members happy and active. Their presence makes a flock vibrant and lively.

Why Is My Chicken Not Laying Eggs?

We all expect our chickens to lay consistently once they mature. However, there are some incidences when your chickens can stop laying altogether, making you wonder why they aren’t laying. Various reasons can make your chickens stop laying. These are some of the reasons why your chickens aren’t laying.


Nutrition can have a significant impact on egg production. Chickens that get poor nutrition in their diet will likely cease laying at some point. For instance, your chickens could stop laying if they don’t consume sufficient calcium. Hens need at least five grams of calcium daily to lay consistently.

Protein deficiency can also cause a reduction in egg production. Hens with protein deficiency may cease laying due to insufficient protein in their bodies.


Chickens go through the annual molt, which occurs when the birds are about 18 months old. Molting, a process whereby birds lose and regrow feathers, can make your chickens stop laying.

Molting hens usually redirect all their energy to losing and regrowing feathers, making them unable to lay normally. Luckily, egg production in chickens returns to normal once the birds grow new feathers.


Most chicken breeds start laying between 18 and 20 weeks old. They will continue laying consistently for the better part of their lifetime. However, the number of eggs your chickens lay will decline yearly until the chickens can’t lay anymore because of aging.


The environment chickens live in can affect egg production. Your chickens can stop laying because of loud noises, excess cold or heat, overcrowding, and stress. The best environment for egg-laying hens shouldn’t have any stressors.


Your chickens don’t need to mate with roosters to lay eggs. After all, chickens don’t lay eggs because of having roosters, but rather because laying is a biological process. That’s notwithstanding, the presence of roosters is important for hens and the entire flock.

Therefore, encourage your chickens to mate by having roosters around, especially if you need to hatch chicks naturally.

avatar James
Hey, I'm James, a hardworking homesteader for more than 30 years. I enjoy the feeling of accomplishment that comes from tending my flock. I've raised chickens and ducks for eggs and meat for many years. I also have experience with other poultry too. Learn more

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *